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Kremlin, Moscow, Russia


1. Definitions
1.1 ALM – ALM Translations Limited (company number 04395794) whose registered office is situated at 5 Ardent Court, William James Way, Henley-in-Arden, Warwickshire B95 5GF.
1.2 Contract – these terms and conditions and the document agreed between the parties setting out the parties, Specification of Services and any Materials, any Target Completion Date and the Contract Price.
1.3 Contract Price – the price agreed between the parties for the Services and any Materials.
1.4 Materials – documents and any other materials set out in the Specification.
1.5 Services – the services set out in the Specification.
1.6 Specification – the specification of the Services (and any Materials) to be provided under the Contract set out in writing and agreed by both parties.
1.7 Translation Memories – electronic files containing data compiled by ALM, and which may be valuable in providing future translation services of similar material for the Client, prepared wholly and exclusively for the Client in the course of providing ALM’s Services under the Contract.

2. Basis of the Contract
2.1 ALM agrees to provide the Services and any agreed Materials to the Client and the Client agrees to pay the Contract Price in accordance with the terms of the Contract.
2.2 Any tender, quotation or estimate provided by ALM shall not constitute a contractual offer, shall be subject to these terms and conditions unless otherwise stated, shall be valid for 30 days and may be revoked at any time. A Contract shall only be formed on receipt and acceptance by ALM of the Client’s order.
2.3 These terms and conditions shall apply to all contracts and orders for the provision of Services and/or Materials by ALM to the Client to the exclusion of all other terms and conditions including any terms and conditions or procurement, purchase or otherwise which the Client may purport to apply under any order or other document. In the case of any conflict or ambiguity between the Client’s original specification and the Specification set out in this Contract, the latter shall prevail.
2.4 Acceptance of provision of the Services or delivery of any Materials or any of them shall be deemed conclusive evidence of the Client’s acceptance of the Contract.
2.5 ALM may employ sub-contractors or freelancers to carry out any part of its obligations under the Contract at its sole discretion and it may assign its rights and obligations under this Contract to any other party. ALM acts as principal in all contracts, save where expressly agreed to the contrary. The Client may not assign its rights and obligations under this Contract without the written consent of ALM.
2.6 No contract shall be concluded between ALM and the Client on these terms or otherwise except by authority of a Director or other expressly authorised signatory of ALM.
2.7 Any variation of these terms and conditions (including any special terms and conditions agreed between the parties) shall be inapplicable unless agreed in writing by a Director or other expressly authorised signatory of ALM.
2.8 Any reference in this Contract to any provision of a statute shall be construed as a reference to that provision as amended, re-enacted or extended at the relevant time.

3 Client’s Responsibilities
3.1 The Client will provide ALM with such information and material as it may reasonably need concerning the Client’s requirements, operations and answers to queries, decisions and approvals which may be reasonably necessary for ALM to perform the Contract. The Client is responsible for ensuring that such material and answers are accurate and complete.
3.2 The Client will obtain all necessary licences or authorities that may be needed in connection with the Services or Materials.
3.3 In the event that the Client requires ALM to provide the Services on its premises, the Client shall;-
3.3.1 assign members of staff with suitable skill and experience to provide information and material as required by ALM;
3.3.2 provide such access to premises, interpretation systems, IT systems, passwords, equipment, services and other facilities which may be reasonably required by ALM;
3.3.3 ensure that all necessary safety and security precautions are in place at the Client’s premises.
3.4 The Client shall maintain full, regularly updated and secure backup copies of all of the Client’s documents, data and other material which is supplied to or accessed by ALM under the Contract, together with any Material and Translation Memories which may be supplied to the Client by ALM or which may be in the Client’s possession or control, whether permanently or temporarily. The Client will also maintain disaster recovery processes consistent with prudent business practice.
3.5 ALM shall be entitled to charge the Client for any additional costs and expenses which it may incur as a result of any breach of the Client’s obligations under clause 3, including those relating to hazardous conditions or material encountered at such premises. ALM shall not be obliged to continue to continue with the Services where it considers at its discretion that doing so would constitute a safety hazard.
3.6 ALM may submit proofs, samples and other Material to the Client for its specific approval as may be relevant. Within 5 working days of receipt by the Client of such items (or such longer or shorter period as ALM specifies), the Client shall notify ALM in writing of its approval of, or of any change or rejection of, such Material. Where applicable, the Client shall return the Material duly marked approved or amended by a duly authorised person within that time period. ALM shall, however, be entitled to rely upon verbal or electronic approval or other instructions received from the Client.
3.7 If no such notification is received within the period specified, the Client shall be deemed to have accepted the Material concerned.
3.8 The Client shall be responsible for any Material which it has approved, whether such approval is express or deemed. After such approval, the Client shall be responsible for any disbursement, production or other consequential costs incurred in connection with the approved Material, and ALM’s liability shall be limited to correcting any faults or defects in the Material submitted which are attributable to ALM. The Client shall not be entitled to reject the Material concerned.

4 Payment Provisions
4.1 The Contract Price shall be agreed between the parties in writing before performance of the Contract.
4.2 ALM reserves the right by giving notice to the Client at any time before completion of its performance of the Contract to increase the Contract Price if;-
4.2.1 the costs to ALM of providing such Services or Materials increase due to any factor beyond the control of ALM;
4.2.2 the Client changes the Specification;
4.2.3 the material supplied by the Client to ALM does not match any source material or samples previously supplied;
4.2.4 the Client agrees to any change to the Specification proposed by ALM;
4.2.5 the Client causes any delay;
4.2.6 Services or Materials are required by the Client with exceptional urgency or at antisocial hours;
4.2.7 the Client fails to give ALM adequate or accurate information, instructions or facilities in accordance with clause 3;
4.2.8 the exchange rate changes from the date the Contract Price was fixed, in the case of charges to be levied in a foreign currency.
4.3 Estimated costs given before sight of the source material may be confirmed or varied on sight of any final document.
4.4 Unless alternative payment provisions are agreed, ALM may submit an invoice or invoices at any time during or after performance of the Contract in respect of such part of the Services performed and Materials delivered to that date. ALM may submit an invoice for any balance of the Contract Price immediately on provision of Services or delivery of any balance of the Materials. Invoices shall be sent to the Client’s address recorded in this Contract unless otherwise agreed and may also be delivered electronically.
4.5 All sums due under the Contract will be paid by the Client within 30 days of the date of invoice without any deduction, set-off, counterclaim or abatement and time for payment shall be of the essence.
4.6 ALM may specify which currency and method of payment it requires the Client to use, which will be pounds sterling unless stated otherwise. Where disbursement costs are quoted in another currency, these costs will be based on the current exchange rate on the date on which they were incurred. Save in respect of disbursement costs, the Contract Price will be based on the exchange rate on the date of issue of the invoice.
4.7 The Contract Price does not include VAT or any similar sales tax, impost or custom duties which will be paid additionally by the Client at the then prevailing rate.
4.8 The Contract Price does not include reasonable travel and subsistence costs, nor any carriage, packing or insurance costs or any other necessary 3rd party costs or disbursements associated with provision of the Services (save for any costs incurred by ALM in engaging its freelance or sub-contract translation staff) unless expressly stated in writing, and such sums may be added by ALM to the Contract Price. ALM will use reasonable endeavours to agree material costs and expenses in advance with the Client, save in cases of exceptional urgency.
4.9 No act or omission of the Client which prevents ALM from continuing to perform the Contract or to perform it according to any agreed time-scale shall prevent ALM from raising invoices in accordance with this clause 4.
4.10 If the Client fails to make any payment within the time specified in this Contract, ALM may take any or all of the following steps;-
4.10.1 immediately invoice the balance of the Contract Price in advance of the supply of any further Services or the delivery of any further Materials;
4.10.2 charge the Client simple interest (both before and after any judgement) on the amount unpaid at the rate of 4% per annum above the Lloyds Bank Plc base lending rate from time to time until payment in full is made, accruing on a weekly basis, together with the legal costs incurred by ALM in pursuing payment on a full indemnity basis;
4.10.3 appropriate any payment made by the Client and set-off any monies due to the Client, whether under this Contract or any other contract or otherwise (including any VAT applicable), to or against the unpaid invoice or invoices;
4.10.4 suspend provision of any further Services or guarantee services or delivery of any further Materials, or part of any of them, whether under this Contract or any other contract or otherwise, until payment is made in full;
4.10.5 retain any property of the Client then in its possession under a general lien for any payment falling due under this Contract;
4.10.6 terminate the Contract and any other contract between ALM and the Client, or cancel the order concerned or any affected part of it.
4.11 Where payment is made by means of any bill of exchange, cheque or other negotiable instrument, payment shall not be treated as having been made until such instrument has been honoured on presentation for payment.
4.12 Where delivery is agreed to be made by instalments, each instalment may be deemed at ALM’s discretion to be a separate and distinct contract and no default by ALM in respect of any one or more instalment shall entitle the Client to reject or withhold payment in respect of any other instalment.
4.13 In the event that the Client purports to cancel this Contract or reduce the Services or Materials deliverable under the Contract, the full Contract Price shall remain payable unless otherwise agreed in advance.

5 Services, Materials and delivery
5.1 Services will normally be provided remotely. The Services do not include regular attendance at Client / third party premises, nor any material or overseas travel, unless expressly stated in the Specification. ALM recognises that from time to time, occasional and reasonable attendance at the Client’s UK premises may be required.
5.2 Services will generally be provided during normal weekday hours between 9am and 6pm GMT excluding UK statutory holidays, and the Contract Price is calculated on this basis.
5.3 Any Materials shall be at the Client’s risk as from delivery save for damage caused to the Materials by any negligent act of ALM or any of its sub-contractors and the Client will be responsible for insuring the Materials from the time risk passes.
5.4 ALM will be responsible at the Client’s cost for the delivery of the Materials.
5.5 Where applicable, posting / sending files by email / ftp transfer / ISDN / faxing documents will be considered as good delivery to the Client. ALM will not liable for any errors arising during the process of such electronic delivery of Materials.

6 Time-scale
6.1 ALM will use all reasonable endeavours to provide the Services and any Materials according to any agreed timescale or Target Completion Date but such timescale, including without limitation any estimated publication dates, will be treated as target dates only and time will not be of the essence.
6.2 In particular, but without limitation, ALM shall not be responsible for delay caused by factors beyond its control, including failure of the Client to comply with clause 3.
6.3 ALM reserves the right by giving notice to the Client at any time before delivery of the Materials or performance of any Services to change the Target Completion Date if;-
6.3.1 the Client changes the Specification or agrees to any change to the Specification proposed by ALM;
6.3.2 the Client causes any delay or the order is placed more than 7 days after any quotation containing a Target Completion Date;
6.3.3 the Client fails to give ALM adequate or accurate information, instructions or facilities in accordance with clause 3.

7 Intellectual Property
7.1 Any intellectual property rights including without limitation, copyright and all other rights in all Translation Memories, copyright in the Materials or in any other material produced by ALM for the purpose of the Contract or assigned to ALM or otherwise created by ALM in respect of the Services, shall all remain the property of ALM, subject to contrary agreement in writing between the parties in the Contract. No right or licence is granted except the limited right for the Client alone to use the Materials in the course of its own business for the purpose envisaged at the time they were created, and provided that in no circumstances (save where agreed expressly in writing to the contrary) may the Client sell, assign or transfer such Translation Memories or Materials to any third party.
7.2 If the Client so requests, and provided that all obligations arising from the Contract have been met, ALM may at its discretion agree to assign such copyright to the Client on termination of the Contract, provided that ALM may levy an additional charge for so doing.
7.3 Save as may be expressly agreed in the Specification, ALM shall not be required to assign, nor to procure the assignment or licensing, to the Client of any intellectual property rights or software belonging to any third party.
7.4 If ALM does supply or provide limited access to any third party material or software to the Client, ALM may impose third party licence terms of the Client and the Client will comply strictly, and will procure that its staff and contractors comply strictly, with such terms.
7.5 To the extent that the Client supplies ALM with any material for the purposes of this Contract, the Client grants a licence to ALM to publish, reproduce, adapt, sell and otherwise use without limitation any such material for the purposes of its performance of this Contract but not otherwise.
7.6 The provisions of this clause 7 shall survive the termination of this Contract.

8 Warranties and Indemnities
8.1 ALM warrants that the Services and any Materials will comply with the Specification and will be prepared with a reasonable standard of skill and care.
8.2 The Client warrants that it has not relied on any representations made by or on behalf of ALM save for the Specification of the Services and Materials as agreed between the parties.
8.3 The Client warrants that any material supplied by it to ALM will not infringe any intellectual property or other rights of any third party, nor will it be defamatory, obscene, blasphemous or offensive or otherwise misleading or unlawful, and the Client will indemnify ALM in respect of any claim relating to such infringement.
8.4 The Client agrees to indemnify ALM against all costs and liabilities incurred by it due to any breach by the Client of the terms of this Contract and against any loss it may incur as a result of any civil claims or proceedings brought against it based upon any material prepared by ALM for the Client and approved by the Client before publication.
8.5 The Client will maintain sufficient insurance against liability to ALM arising under this Contract.

9 Limitation of Liability
9.1 If no notification of errors or defects is received by ALM within 14 days of provision of the Services or delivery of the Materials, the Client shall be deemed to have accepted the Materials and Services. After acceptance, whether deemed or otherwise, the Customer shall not be entitled to reject the Materials or Services outright.
9.2 ALM shall not be responsible for any errors or defects in the Services or the Materials which are not notified in writing to it within 14 days of discovery of such defects, and in any event within 3 months after provision of the Services or delivery of the Materials concerned, nor for any errors which are approved by or are the fault of the Client or any third party.
9.3 If ALM is notified of any error or defect which is the responsibility of ALM in accordance with clauses 9.1 and 9.2, it shall within a reasonable time of receiving such notification, at ALM’s sole discretion;-
9.3.1 carry out such work as is necessary to correct the error or defect; or
9.3.2 refund the Contract Price or such part of it as relates to the defective Services or Materials.
9.4 The terms of this Contract represent the whole agreement between the parties and all other warranties, conditions, terms, undertakings or representations of any kind, whether express or implied, statutory or otherwise relating to the provision of any Services or Materials under or in connection with the Contract including (without limitation) as to the condition, quality, performance or fitness for purpose of any Materials or the standard of care used in the provision of services are hereby expressly excluded from the Contract save for the undertakings implied by the Sale of Materials Act 1979 Section 12 in respect of title to any Materials.
9.5 ALM shall not be liable under contract, tort (including negligence) or otherwise for any loss of production, loss or corruption of data, loss of profits or of contracts, loss of operation time, loss of goodwill and loss of anticipated savings, nor for any special, indirect or consequential loss, damage, cost or expense of any kind whatever and however caused.
9.6 ALM accepts liability for death or injury caused by the negligence of ALM, its employees, agents or sub contractors in the course of their engagement under this Contract, and liability which cannot otherwise be excluded otherwise in law, without limit.
9.7 In all other cases not falling within clause 9.6, ALM’s total aggregate liability for any claim or series of connected claims (whether in contract, tort including negligence or otherwise) under or in connection with this Contract or based on any claim for indemnity or contribution shall not exceed two times the Contract Price applicable to the Services and/or Materials which are the subject of such claim.
9.8 In all other cases not falling within clause 9.6, no action or proceedings in relation to or arising out of this Contract (whether in contract, tort including negligence or otherwise) shall in any event be commenced against ALM after the expiry of 12 months from provision of the relevant Services, delivery of the Materials or earlier termination of the Contract.
9.9 The Client agrees that except as expressly provided in this Contract, ALM will not be under any liability of any kind whatever and however caused, arising directly or indirectly in connection with this Contract.
9.10 Because of the nature of ALM’s business, ALM will not be liable for any innocent misinterpretation made by or on behalf of ALM in the course of provision of this Contract. The Client recognises that translation is a subjective exercise and that certain material is capable of having more than one meaning or interpretation, both in the original and translated formats. ALM shall not be liable where any valid or reasonable translation has been made.
9.11 ALM shall not be liable for errors or omissions in the original source material supplied by the Client, nor for failing to correct that in translation.
9.12 ALM will not be liable for any failure of any 3rd party software to provide any facility or function not described in any Specification, for any failure of such software attributable to any modification (whether by alteration, deletion, addition or otherwise) to or misuse of the software by either the Client in default of its obligations under this agreement or by persons other than ALM, or combination of the software with other software or equipment without ALM’s express prior written consent. ALM does not warrant that any such software will run wholly uninterrupted or be entirely error free.
9.13 Any liability of ALM under the Contract shall be subject to and conditional upon the due performance by the Client of all its obligations under this Contract and, subject to these terms, the Client shall not be entitled to withhold or delay payment or exercise any right of set-off which might otherwise have been available to it.
9.14 ALM is a limited company. This Contract and the Services and any Materials are provided solely on behalf of the company. No personal liability, whether in contract, tort or otherwise, is accepted by any individual who may provide services to the Client, whether as a shareholder, director, employee, consultant, freelancer or supervisor.
9.15 The Client shall maintain such insurance protection as shall be reasonable and prudent, taking account of the nature of the Client’s business. ALM shall not be liable under this Contract for losses suffered by the Client which are, or would have been, recoverable under such policy of insurance.
9.16 The Client acknowledges and agrees that the allocation of risk contained in this clause 9 is reflected in the Contract Price and is a recognition of the fact that because of the nature of ALM’s business, ALM does not warrant that Services and Materials will be entirely error free.

10 Confidential Information and Data Protection
10.1 ALM acknowledges a duty not to disclose without the Client’s permission any data or confidential information belonging to the Client, which it acquires in the course of performance of this Contract.
10.2 ALM shall only process confidential data to the extent necessary for the proper performance of the Services or as instructed in writing by Client. ALM shall not carry out any other processing of such data, nor allow any third party to process it, without prior consent.
10.3 ALM shall take appropriate technical and organisational measures against:
10.3.1 unauthorised or unlawful processing of such data; and
10.3.2 accidental loss or destruction of, or damage to, such data, provided that the Client shall ensure that all data is adequately backed-up before it is supplied to ALM.
10.4 Subject as stated elsewhere in this Contract, both parties shall keep confidential all material concerning the business affairs of the other which is disclosed in the course of performance of this Contract, save for any information in the public domain through no fault of the recipient party, and to use its best endeavours to prevent unauthorised publication or disclosure of the same.

11 Termination
11.1 ALM may terminate this Contract or suspend its performance with immediate effect on written notice if;-
11.1.1 the Client ceases or threatens to cease to carry on its business or becomes insolvent;
11.1.2 a Receiver, Administrator or similar Officer is appointed over all or any part of the assets or undertaking of the Client;
11.1.3 the Client makes any arrangement for the benefit of its creditors;
11.1.4 the Client goes into bankruptcy, liquidation or any comparable insolvency process save for the purposes of a genuine amalgamation or reconstruction;
11.1.5 the Client commits a material breach of this agreement and (in the case of a breach capable of remedy) fails to remedy it within 7 days of receipt of written notice from ALM specifying the breach and containing a warning of an intention to terminate if the breach is not remedied;
11.1.6 the Client refuses to take delivery of the Materials or any part of them;
11.1.7 the Client defaults in paying the Contract Price or any part of it.
11.2 In the event of a suspension, ALM shall be entitled to demand pre-payment of any part of the Contract Price not yet due for payment as a condition of re-commencing its performance.
11.3 ALM may terminate this Contract at its discretion at any time in any event by giving 14 days notice in writing to the Client.
11.4 Upon termination of this Contract for whatever cause the Client shall pay to ALM all monies due to ALM at that date after taking into account amounts previously paid including;-
11.4.1 the total value of Services performed and Materials delivered up to the date of termination, the Contract Price for which shall then become payable immediately notwithstanding any prior contrary arrangement;
11.4.2 any cancellation charges payable to ALM’s sub-contractors, freelancers and suppliers;
11.4.3 the cost of the Materials or third party services ordered for the purposes of the Contract for which ALM has paid or is legally bound to pay;
11.4.4 any other costs incurred by ALM in connection with the Contract or its termination including but not limited to loss of profits, processing costs already incurred and any reduction in the value of the material used.
11.5 Upon termination of this Contract for whatever cause, the Client shall;-
11.5.1 return all property of ALM then in its possession or control;
11.5.2 at the discretion of ALM, return to ALM or delete all data and records containing Translation Memories and any other electronic records belonging to ALM, shall sign a written warranty of compliance on request and shall give reasonable access to its IT systems and hardware to allow ALM to verify such compliance.
11.6 Termination of this Contract shall not affect any rights of the parties accrued to them up to the date of termination.

12 Miscellaneous
12.1 The Client warrants that ALM will not inherit liabilities for employees of any outgoing translation provider or of the Client itself and will indemnify ALM against such liabilities. If any claim relating to TUPE is made against ALM in connection with this Contract, whether before or after its commencement, the Client will co-operate with ALM in minimising its liability, including procuring provision of any necessary employee information, engaging in consultation, and defending any claims brought. At the discretion of ALM, it may conduct such defence in its own name or delegate such defence to the Client, in either case at the Client’s expense (including any legal costs incurred on a full indemnity basis and any compensation awarded).
12.2 Neither party shall during or for a period of 12 months after termination of this Contract, whether on its own account or on behalf of any other person, firm, company or otherwise, employ, engage in any capacity or directly or indirectly solicit away from the other, any employee or contractor of the other party. In the event of breach of this clause, the breaching party shall forthwith pay to the other a sum equivalent to 90 man days at 8 hours per day at the relevant individual’s previously current hourly external charging rate including any VAT, or 90 days at the individual’s gross salary, whichever is higher, by way of liquidated damages.
12.3 Neither party shall be liable for any delay in performing or failing to perform any of its obligations under this Contract due to any act of God, war, strike, lock-out, industrial action, fire, flood, drought, tempest or other event beyond the reasonable control of either party.
12.4 All notices to be given under this Contract shall be in writing and shall be sent to the normal business address of the party concerned by first class post or by hand.
12.5 No delay or failure by ALM to exercise any of its powers, rights or remedies under this Contract will operate as a waiver of them and any waiver, to be effective, must be in writing.
12.6 If any part of this Contract, including for the avoidance of doubt limitation clause 9, is found by a court or other competent authority to be invalid, unlawful or unenforceable then such part will be severed from the remainder of this Contract which will continue to be valid and enforceable to the fullest extent permitted by law.
12.7 This Contract is the complete and exclusive statement of the agreement between the parties relating to the subject matter of the Contract and supersedes all previous communications, representations and other arrangements, written or oral.
12.8 A person who is not party to this agreement shall have no right under the Contracts (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999 to enforce any term of this agreement. This clause does not affect any right or remedy of any person that exists or is available otherwise than pursuant to that Act.
12.9 This Contract will be construed in accordance with and governed by the law of England and Wales and each party agrees to submit to the jurisdiction of the courts of England and Wales.


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